The trenches of the Champs Elysées, from the “Paris Commune” to the “Yellow Vest”

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France is the leader of contemporary revolutions, as long as the term “revolution”, in its new sense, entered the political culture largely through the successive French revolutions of the end of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century. XIXth century.

Gilet jaune, translated as the yellow vest movement, refers to the high-visibility jackets that protesters have adopted as a symbol of their complaint. French law obliges all motorists to carry these jackets in cars.

The movement started earlier this month as a protest against rising fuel prices, but later took on a wider role, and the Yellow Vests are now seen as symbols of growing popular discontent with the president. French Macron.

During the second demonstration, on November 24, the Champs Elysées, one of the most beautiful and famous avenues in the world, turned into a scene of trenches and clashed with the police. The cost of rebuilding the Avenue des Champs Elysées after the street battle is very high. Only the luxury store Dior estimated his loss at one million euros.

The recent trenches on the Avenue des Champs Elysées recall the famous rebellion inscribed in history by the “Paris Commune”. The Paris Commune was a radical socialist and revolutionary government that ruled Paris from March 18 to May 28, 1871.

Yellow Vests is a spontaneous and unorganized movement that comes from the ordinary and the poor; people whose fuel prices have a serious impact on their lives.

An unflattering label of “president of the rich” was affixed to the young leader, over his reaction. French Interior Minister Christophe Castaner has accused far-right leader Marine Le Pen of stoking protests in the capital, which she has denied.

Apart from the far right, the left is also trying to take the lead in the Yellow Vest movement. But it is clear that this movement is totally unorganized and unexpected and comes from the economic pressure on an important class of the French people. The section of society that created the massive and bloody uprisings of 1789, 1830, 1848 and 1871 in France and added the term “revolution” to a new political culture.

To that end, the Financial Times chose the following headline for its November 27 report: “The French are picking up their pitchforks against President Macron. A pitchfork is a tool with a long handle and two pointed parts that is used on a farm to lift hay or grass clippings.

Economist wrote on November 27: “The duration of the protest movement depends in part on its ability to survive an attempt to mutate into a more organized movement. The Yellow Vests are currently without structure and without a leader, which is both their strength but also a potential weakness. Internal rivalries and conflicting goals could further divide the movement, as could a loss of public support if the movement becomes radicalized. Unlike union-led protests, the amorphous nature of Yellow Vest protests also makes it harder for the government to negotiate with them.

According to the November 24 Guardian, French President Emmanuel Macron’s approval rating has plummeted with only 26% of French people backing him, while the Yellow Vests movement is backed by 80% of French people.

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